Maris World Standard Table
©︎2014 Liku Maria
1.After inventing this form of painting in 2009, Liku Maria initially referred to it as “Maria sand painting.” In 2015, she shortened the name to Maris for the sake of simplicity.
(“maris” is a registered trademark in Japan, no. 5794799)
2.The invention of Maris has enabled blind people to access paintings, and it thus embodies the concept of “Everyone is equal in front of Venus.” At its core is Liku Maria’s belief that art is expression of love.
3.The name of Maris is also inspired by “Stella Maris,” which means “Star of the Sea” in Latin. This is an appellation for the Virgin Mary and evokes the image of a guiding star that fills everyone with hope.
A contemporary art ideology and movement launched by Liku Maria, Marisism expresses the theme of human equality. It is grounded in Liku Maria’s vision that “Everyone is equal in front of Venus,” and is a call to action to spread human equality across society as well. It further evolves Joseph Beuys’ concept of social sculpture and expresses it in practical form.
This refers to Marisism paintings, which are created using the Maris mode of expression.
Conceived by Liku Maria, this is the world’s first mode of expression to make paintings accessible to blind people through the senses of touch and smell. It is based on the Maris World Standard Table,1 and expresses color value (lightness) through particle size, and hue through scent. Various colors can be expressed by using different combinations of particles and scents. Since inventing this mode in 2009 and mapping out the Maris World Standard Table in 2010, Liku Maria has used them to produce a steady stream of Maris works.
1. The ten lightness (value) levels and ten hues of Maris are based on the color theory rules of Johannes Itten. The Maris World Standard Table is shown on p. 56. Katsumi Kumakura, a printing art director, provided advice on the design of the colors depicted in the table.