Maris is a type of painting and a technique that lets every person, even thevisually-impaired see the artworks. It was invented by Liku Maria Takahashi, in 2009,and has been promoted all over the world. Maris expresses the brightness of colors through the size of the sand grain, which are divided into 10 levels. Thedarker a color gets, the coarser a grain becomes. The hue is expressed throughherb essential oils that are applied to the canvas. For instance, purple is the scentof lavender, green is one of sage, and orange is one of oranges.
スクリーンショット 2019-03-25 18.24.14.png
Maris is a form of sand painting. It is the world’s first painting method designed to be accessible to everyone, regardless of visual ability. The sand’s textures and scents enable blind people to “see” the colors and shapes depicted. 


The brightness of colors is defined by sand grain size, all mapped out in the Maris World Standard Table.

(Invented by contemporary artist Liku Maria Takahashi in 2009, patented in Japan)


The coarser the grain is, the darker the tone represented. Each color used—red, yellow, or whatever—is expressed by a specific scent.

(Paintings measuring at least 10 x 5 cm)


Accessible to everyone, even children

Once the simple rule about how grain size expresses brightness is learned, anyone with visual impairment can start enjoying the paintings.

Maris is based on the Maris World Standard Table, which defines specific colors and tones by sand grain size and herb essential oil scents.


The 10 levels of lightness and hue in the Maris World Standard Table were decided by Liku Maria Takahashi.


Grain size = Monochromatic painting (85% of color information)
スクリーンショット 2018-12-03 20.28.56.png
Grain size + Scent = Colorful Painting (10% of color information)
スクリーンショット 2018-12-03 20.29.10.png
Note: For simplicity, the Maris Method does not express saturation, which accounts for the remaining 5% of color information.